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                         INDUSTRY PROFILE #2
                           MEN'S WORK SHIRTS
                              Prepared By
                            Edward Hochberg
                              Reviewed By
                            George J. Coury
                         Robert W. Rugenstein
                             Published By
    1600 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 500, Arlington, Virginia 22209 USA
            Telephone: (703) 276-1800, Fax: (703) 243-1865
                 Telex: 440192 VITAUI, Cable: VITAINC
          Internet., Bitnet. vita@gmuvax
                           Men's Work Shirts
                          ISBN: 0-86619-289-1
              [C]1987, Volunteers in Technical Assistance
                           INDUSTRY PROFILES
This Industry Profile is one of a series briefly describing small or medium-sized industries. The
Profiles provide basic information for starting manufacturing plants in developing nations.
Specifically, they provide general plant descriptions, financial, and technical factors for their
operation, and sources of information and expertise. The series is intended to be useful in
determining whether the industries described warrant further inquiry either to rule out or to
decide upon investment. The underlying assumption of these Profiles is that the individual
making use of them already has some knowledge and experience in industrial development.
Dollar values are listed only for machinery and equipment costs, and are primarily based on
equipment in the United States. The price does not include shipping costs or import-export taxes,
which must be considered and will vary greatly from country to country. No other investment
costs are included (such as land value, building rental, labor, etc.) as those prices also vary.
These items are mentioned to provide the investor with a general checklist of considerations for
setting up a business.
These profiles should not be substituted for feasibility studies. Before an investment is made in
a plant, a feasibility study should be conducted. This may require skilled economic and
engineering expertise. The following illustrates the range of questions to which answers must
be obtained:
  *   What is the extent of the present demand for the product, and how is it now being
  *   Will the estimated price and ¤ys
      (with generators)                           (6)           (8)
    Support equipment & parts
    furniture fixtures
    chairs & workbenches
    work tables
    storage shelves
    spare parts & tools
    work bask                                    (50)           (60)
    truck/van                                     (1)            (1)
of equipment & machinery only                    $ 84,000     $97,000
*Based on $US 1987 prices. The costs provided are estimates and
are given only to provide a general idea for machinery costs;
they are not intended to be used as absolute prices. Costs still
need to be determined on a case by case basis.
*3.  Materials & Supplies               Small Plant            Medium   Plant
     Raw Materials
     work-shirt chambray               400,000 yards         600,000 yards
     lining                               8,000 yards           10,000 yards
     thread (12,000 yd. cones)           3,000 cones            4,000 cones
     buttons                             15,000 gross           20,000 gross
     tags & labels                       1,800 gross           2,400 gross
     factory & office supplies
     shirt boards/paper                 15,000 dozen          22,000 dozen
     pins                                10,000 gross          15,000 gross
     boxes (6 shirts/box)                2,500 dozen           3,750 dozen
     shipping cartons
       (3 doz./carton                    5,000                 7,500
4.   Labor                               Small Plant             Medium Plant
     cutters                                  2                       3
     operators                               26                      36
     pressers                                 6                       8
     floor help                               6                       8
     Unskilled                                4
     manager                                  1
     office                                   1
     supervisor                               2
5.   Distribution/Supply flow          Small Plant             Medium Plant
     Amount in/out per day             60 dozen                 75-85 dozen
6.   Market Requirements               Small Plant   Medium Plant
     Shirts only:                      1 million               1.5 million
     If plant is diversified,
     to include other products:        500,000                  750,000
*This section includes an approximate amount of materials used
over a period of a year. This amount does not have to be stored
on the premises.
PROCESS DIAGRAM <see plant layout and work flow>

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Unless otherwise stated, these addresses are in the United
1. Technical Manuals & Textbooks
Fashion Institute of Technology 7 Ave. & 27 St.
New York, New York  10001
Library and Bookstore with full listing of books on design and
pattern-making, marketing, etc.
2. Periodicals
Women's Wear Daily,
Daily News Record
Fairchild Publications
7 E 12 Street
New York, New York  10003
Bobbin Magazine
Bobbin International, Inc.
P.O. Box 1986
1110 Shop Road
Columbia, South Carolina 29202
Apparel World
366 Park Avenue, South
New York, New York  10016
Apparel Industries Magazine
180 Allen Street
Atlanta, Georgia  30328
3. Trade Associations
American Apparel Manufacturing Association
2500 Wilson Blvd.
Arlington, Virginia  22201
(703) 524-1864
National Knitwear & Sportswear Association
366 Park Ave., South
New York, New York 10016
4. Equipment Suppliers, Engineering Companies
Hudson Sewing Machine Co.
109 Johnston St.
Newburgh, New York  12550
(dealer in all types of equipment)
The Singer Company
135 Raritan Center Parkway
Edison, New Jersey  08837
(sewing equipment, cutting room equipment)
Kurt Salmon Associates
350 Fifth Avenue
New York, New York  10118
(manufacturing consultant, consulting services)
5. Directories
Buyers Guide:
A Sourcing Guide for the Apparel Industry
produced by:
The Associate Member Congress
American Apparel Manufacturers Association
2500 Wilson Boulevard
Arlington, Virginia  22201
6. VITA Resources
VITA has on file a number of documents related to the textile
industry.  For example:  Selected Information Resources on
Textiles.  Compiled by J.A. Feulner, National Referral Center,
Library of Congress, May, 1980. 17 pp. XII-E-1, P. 1, 022470, 12.
7. VITA Venture Services
VITA Venture Services, a subsidiary of VITA, provides commercial
services for industrial development. This fee-for-service
includes technology and financial information, technical assistance,
marketing, and joint ventures. For further information,
contact VITA.